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BHASKARA also called Ar- rybas, Arribas, or Tharrytas, a king of the Molossi, who seems to have reigned about B.C. 390. According to the genealogical tradition of the royal house of the Molossi, he was a descendant of Pyrrhus, the son of Achilles. He was the first who gave to his kingdom a well-organized form of government, and the Molossi of later times traced the origin of all their political institutions to him. He lost his father at an early age, and, as he was the only surviving member of the royal family, especial care was taken of his education, which was intrusted to persons appointed by the state. He was also sent for a time to Athens, to become acquainted with Greek civilization. When he came to the throne, his wisdom gained him greater popularity among his people than any of his forefathers had possessed. He was the first who introduced a code of written laws; he instituted a senate and an annual magistrate, regulated the constitution of the country, and was on the whole the founder of civilized life among the Molossi. According to Justin, he was succeeded by his son Neoptolemus, the father of Olympias, who was the mother of Alexander the Great. Plutarch, on the other hand, states that he was succeeded by Alcetas I. If it were not expressly stated that the Molossi were not governed by two kings until a later period, we might suppose that Neoptolemus and Alcetas were two sons of Arymbas, who governed their country in common.


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